These collections of the official past papers of the GCE O Level Examinations from the University of Cambridge International Examinations has been developed for students of GCE O level. These books will act as tools for preparation and revision for students. These books have an edited Answer Guide for each paper based on the marks scheme written by CIE Principal ISBN: 8175961821 Publisher: FOUNDATION BOOKS Subtitle: GCE O LEVEL EXAMINATION PAST PAPERS WITH ANSWER GUIDES Author: FOUNDATION BOOKS
This book traces the development of Pakistan’s economy through four decades of the country’s existence. The author describes the four successive decades as Stagnation Decade, Development Decade, Disaster Decade, and Bondage Decade for the economy. While the book discusses developments in all the four decades, the second and fourth decades receive special attention from him. This is because the growth strategies pursued by the military rulers, F.M. Mohd. Ayub Khan in the case of second decade, and General Zia-ul-Haq in the fourth decade were of far reaching consequences. These raised important issues of economic policy and development strategy for a developing country.
In a short period of a little over four decades since independence, Pakistan has moved from the status of an independent sovereign state to a dependency position caused by compulsions of external finance that it needs to run the economy. Its foreign policy has come to be dictated by USA while its economic policies are determined by the conditionalities clauses contained in the IMF agreements for grant of special credit facilities to the country. It is with this story of struggle of a Third World country, that Pakistan is, for rapid economic development and tribulations faced by it in the process That the book deals. The discussions in the book of growth strategies, balance of payments problem, prices and wages, economic inequalities and problem of poverty should he of interest not only to students of economic history of Pakistan but also to the development economists the world over. ISBN: 8122001556 Publisher: VANGUARD BOOKS Subtitle: Author: B. M. BHATIA
This book is the first major attempt to analyze Pakistan’s experience in economic and social development from the historical perspective. The book looks at the longer term trends in Pakistan’s economy and examines their implications tot social and political changes.
The book focuses on the fundamental issues of Pakistan’s development experience and puts impressive growth record against the failures of economic policies to remove poverty, re-duce inequality, provide greater employment and effect institutional changes in its agrarian structure. The book clearly recognises the limitations on the possibilities of equitable development imposed not only by the inavailability of resources but also by the historical imperatives of underdevelopment. It nevertheless emphasises the considerable room for manoeuvre that exists for achieving growth without sacrificing the objectives of equity. The book concentrates on issues of economic policy which have so far received scant attention from the policy-makers and planners in Pakistan and points out why this lack of attention has largely negated the achievements in the field of economic growth.
The book is based on the author’s original research in many of these areas, supplemented by other empirical work available on the subject. The book, without claiming to be comprehensive. provides an overview of the developments Pakistani economy. Apart from analysing issues of macroeconomic and sectoral growth, the book provides original insights into the agrarian structure, regional growth and migration in the context of Pakistan’s economy.
ISBN: Z1496 – Paperback Publisher: VANGUARD BOOKS ISBN: Z1496 Publisher: VANGUARD BOOKS Subtitle: Author: S. M. NASEEM
This book seeks to discover economic indicators of growth and relate them to socio-political developments in Pakistan from 1947 to 1971. A second volume will cover the period 1971-1982.
This is a deiligent, scholarly and sober book which is not inhibit-ed by radical rhetoric or purple passages. It will act as a useful methodological and theoretical corrective to the economic view of Pakistan usually derived from Western — or Western trained economists.