In this book, Habib Boulares examines the variety of Islamic experience and militancy throughout the Muslim world. In doing so, he provides us with a keen understanding of why Islam has emerged as such a dynamic political force in the last quarter of the 20th century. More, he shows us the issues that Islam itself now faces, as a morality, a political system and as a religion.
Boularés gives a comparative picture of Islamic militancy in Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Senegal and Iran, amongst others. He shows how these movements have evolved in constant interaction with the state in the countries concerned.
He examines the history of Islamic religious thinking, from the Prophet onwards and examines the development of the four schools’ and of the Shi’i Islam. ISBN: 0862329442 Publisher: ZED BOOKS Subtitle: Author: HABIB BOULARES
Islamic theocracy is now firmly established in fundamentalist Iran, and waves of fundamentalism are sweeping the entire Islamic world, and its diaspora.
This book examines the claim of those Islamists who contend that, as a belief system and a way of life, Islam carries with it a theory of politics and the state which should be applied unquestioningly. Ayubi traces both the intellectual sources and the socio-economic bases of Political Islam, arguing that it is a modern phenomenon, dating back only to the inter-war period. He describes its major proponents as urban, educated and relatively young people, whose energies were mobilised, but whose expectations were not fulfilled by the post-independence ‘populist’ regimes in the Arab World.
Islamic movements in six countries are studied in detail. Ayubi’s distinctively broad definition of politics encompasses innovative material on sex and the family, and on the emerging alternative economic and social networks of Islamic banks, schools, and hospitals in the countries discussed.
Ayubi stresses the traditional concern in Islam for the collective enforcement of morals, but argues that there is no case for the commonly held misconception that politics begins from theological principles in the Arab world: the historical connection between Islam and politics can be explained as an attempt by the rulers to legitimise their actions. He suggests that radical Islamists are reversing this position by subjecting politics to their specific religious views, so their movement is in some senses an anti-state one. He concludes by discussing possible intellectual responses to fundamentalism, drawing on the thinking of contemporary Muslim liberals. ISBN: 0415103851 Publisher: ROUTLEDGE Subtitle: RELIGION AND POLITICS IN THE ARAB WORLD Author: NAZIH AYUBI