The definitive biography of the eldest son of Emperor Shah Jahan, whose death at the hands of his younger brother Aurangzeb changed the course of South Asian history. Dara Shukoh was the eldest son of Shah Jahan, the fifth Mughal emperor, best known for commissioning the Taj Mahal as a mausoleum for his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. Although the Mughals did not practice primogeniture, Dara, a Sufi who studied Hindu thought, was the presumed heir to the throne and prepared himself to be India s next ruler. In this exquisite narrative biography, the most comprehensive ever written, Supriya Gandhi draws on archival sources to tell the story of the four brothers-Dara, Shuja, Murad, and Aurangzeb-who with their older sister Jahanara Begum clashed during a war of succession. Emerging victorious, Aurangzeb executed his brothers, jailed his father, and became the sixth and last great Mughal. After Aurangzeb s reign, the Mughal Empire began to disintegrate. Endless battles with rival rulers depleted the royal coffers, until by the end of the seventeenth century Europeans would start gaining a foothold along the edges of the subcontinent. Historians have long wondered whether the Mughal Empire would have crumbled when it did, allowing European traders to seize control of India, if Dara Shukoh had ascended the throne. To many in South Asia, Aurangzeb is the scholastic bigot who imposed a strict form of Islam and alienated his non-Muslim subjects. Dara, by contrast, is mythologized as a poet and mystic. Gandhi s nuanced biography gives us a more complex and revealing portrait of this Mughal prince than we have ever had.
AUTHOR: SUPRIYA GANDHI ISBN: 9789696402770 Publisher: ILQA PUBLICATIONS Subtitle: DARA SHUKOH IN MUGHAL INDIA Author: SUPRIYA GANDHI
Millions of children in Pakistan live short and painful lives, suffering the worst forms of exploitation and neglect. Such injustice is often explained away as a direct result of the abject poverty in which their families live.
Yet lethargic legislatures, uncaring judges and poor planning by the state must share in the guilt of ignoring the pains and rights of such children. This book sets out to put the record straight. It argues that approaches to the question of child prisoners should require a totally new, care-oriented discipline, especially where legal rights are concerned.
The book examines the extent to which laws are actually applied in practice. Recommendations are then offered to correct the deficiencies in the system. An added bonus for lawyers and human rights organizations involved in the defense for children’s rights is the inclusion of eleven thoroughly updated appendices containing all relevant laws and amendments.