Islamic theocracy is now firmly established in fundamentalist Iran, and waves of fundamentalism are sweeping the entire Islamic world, and its diaspora.
This book examines the claim of those Islamists who contend that, as a belief system and a way of life, Islam carries with it a theory of politics and the state which should be applied unquestioningly. Ayubi traces both the intellectual sources and the socio-economic bases of Political Islam, arguing that it is a modern phenomenon, dating back only to the inter-war period. He describes its major proponents as urban, educated and relatively young people, whose energies were mobilised, but whose expectations were not fulfilled by the post-independence ‘populist’ regimes in the Arab World.
Islamic movements in six countries are studied in detail. Ayubi’s distinctively broad definition of politics encompasses innovative material on sex and the family, and on the emerging alternative economic and social networks of Islamic banks, schools, and hospitals in the countries discussed.
Ayubi stresses the traditional concern in Islam for the collective enforcement of morals, but argues that there is no case for the commonly held misconception that politics begins from theological principles in the Arab world: the historical connection between Islam and politics can be explained as an attempt by the rulers to legitimise their actions. He suggests that radical Islamists are reversing this position by subjecting politics to their specific religious views, so their movement is in some senses an anti-state one. He concludes by discussing possible intellectual responses to fundamentalism, drawing on the thinking of contemporary Muslim liberals. ISBN: 0415103851 Publisher: ROUTLEDGE Subtitle: RELIGION AND POLITICS IN THE ARAB WORLD Author: NAZIH AYUBI
This work examines the role of God in medieval Islamic philosophy and theology in a new and exciting way. Renouncing the traditional chronological method of considering Islamic philosophy, Netton uses modern literary modes of criticism derived from structuralism, post-structuralism and semiotics. The author focuses on major Islamic and Arab thinkers of the Middle Ages, from Al-Kindi to Ibn al-Arabi, to study the nature, function, role, and development of their God, and relates the views of each to the textual and intellectual history of which he is a product. In the process, the author traces the development of the Neoplatonic God out of the Qur’anic God. ISBN: 0700702873 Publisher: CURZON PRESS Subtitle: STUDIES IN THE STRUCTURE AND SEMIOTICS OF ISLAMIC PHILOSOPHY, THEOLOGY AND COSMOLOGY Author: IAN RICHARD NET