The art of Pakistan since Independence in 1947, presented by Asia House with Arts and the Islamic World, at Brunei Gallery, SOAS, London, and elsewhere, 2000. It includes amongst others: Meher Afroz; Lubna Agha; Roohi Ahmed; Syed Zahin Ahmad; Fasihullah Ahsan; David Alesworth; Durriya Kazi; Liaquat Ali; Shakir Ali; Riffat Alvi; Rashid Ahmed Arshad; Naazish Ata Ullah; Siddiqua Bilgrami; Faiza Butt; Khalid Saeed Butt; Abdur Rahman Chughtai; Akram Dost; Iqbal Geoffrey; Sabina Gillani; Amin Gulgee; Ismail Gulgee and Salima Hashmi. ISBN: 1903411009 Publisher: ARTS & THE ISLAMIC WORLD Subtitle: FIFTY YEARS PAINTING AND SCULPTURE FROM PAKISTAN Author: TIMOTHY WILCOX
On an autumn day in 1769, a Hungarian nobleman named Wolfgang von Kempelen attended a conjuring show at the court of Maria Theresa, empress of Austria-Hungary. So unimpressed was Kempelen by the performance that he declared he could do better himself. Maria Theresa held him to his word and gave him six months to prepare a show of his own. Kempelen did not disappoint; he returned to the court the following spring with a mechanical man, fashioned from wood, powered by clockwork, dressed in a stylish Turkish costume—and capable of playing chess.The Turk, as this contraption became known, was an instant success and enjoyed an illustrious career in Europe and America during the next eighty-five years. Associated over time with a host of historical figures, including Benjamin Franklin, Catherine the Great, Napoleon Bonaparte, Charles Babbage, and Edgar Allan Poe, Kempelen’s creation also unwittingly helped to inspire the development of the power loom, the computer, and the detective story. Everywhere it went; the Turk baffled spectators and provoked frenzied speculation about whether a machine could really think. Many rival theories were published serving only to undermine each other, and the Turk’s secret was only ever revealed to a select few.Part historical detective story, part real-life fairy tale, The Turk chronicles the machine’s remarkable and checkered career against the backdrop of the Industrial Revolution, as mechanical technology opened up dramatic new possibilities and the relationship between people and machines was being redefined. Today, in the midst of the computer age, that relationship has assumed a new significance, as scientists and philosophers continue to debate the possibility of machine intelligence. To modern eyes, the Turk was a surprisingly farsighted invention, and its saga is a colorful and important part of the history of technology. ISBN: 0802713912 Publisher: WALKER & COMPANY Subtitle: Author: TOM STANDAGE
The definitive biography of the eldest son of Emperor Shah Jahan, whose death at the hands of his younger brother Aurangzeb changed the course of South Asian history. Dara Shukoh was the eldest son of Shah Jahan, the fifth Mughal emperor, best known for commissioning the Taj Mahal as a mausoleum for his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. Although the Mughals did not practice primogeniture, Dara, a Sufi who studied Hindu thought, was the presumed heir to the throne and prepared himself to be India s next ruler. In this exquisite narrative biography, the most comprehensive ever written, Supriya Gandhi draws on archival sources to tell the story of the four brothers-Dara, Shuja, Murad, and Aurangzeb-who with their older sister Jahanara Begum clashed during a war of succession. Emerging victorious, Aurangzeb executed his brothers, jailed his father, and became the sixth and last great Mughal. After Aurangzeb s reign, the Mughal Empire began to disintegrate. Endless battles with rival rulers depleted the royal coffers, until by the end of the seventeenth century Europeans would start gaining a foothold along the edges of the subcontinent. Historians have long wondered whether the Mughal Empire would have crumbled when it did, allowing European traders to seize control of India, if Dara Shukoh had ascended the throne. To many in South Asia, Aurangzeb is the scholastic bigot who imposed a strict form of Islam and alienated his non-Muslim subjects. Dara, by contrast, is mythologized as a poet and mystic. Gandhi s nuanced biography gives us a more complex and revealing portrait of this Mughal prince than we have ever had.
AUTHOR: SUPRIYA GANDHI ISBN: 9789696402770 Publisher: ILQA PUBLICATIONS Subtitle: DARA SHUKOH IN MUGHAL INDIA Author: SUPRIYA GANDHI